Ten Golden Rules of Academic Integrity

  1. Do not plagiarise someone else's words, ideas, or data. Always cite your sources. Never purchase, copy, or download essays.

    • Examples: 

      If you are taking an author’s own words you must indicate this by using quotation marks and show where the words came from. Here is a sample:
      “Doctors’ deep suspicion of what they read in the newspapers and even in the less-carefully edited of the medical journals, helps to explain some of the early skepticism about insulin in countries like Britain” (Bliss, 1982, p.190).
      Even if you use your own words to express the same idea you still must cite your source. For example, if you were to paraphrase the above idea you might say something like this:
      Insulin as a treatment for diabetes was not widely accepted at first because doctors found it hard to believe in the legitimacy of medical discoveries as reported both by newspapers and by some less academic medical journals (Bliss, 1882, p.190). 
  2. Do not copy. This means don’t copy assignments, exam answers, lab reports, theses, journal articles, or computer code.
  3. Do not fabricate data, citations, or experimental results.

    • Examples:
      Your professor asked for ten articles in your reference list but you have only found eight. If you pad your list by including articles you have not read you are committing academic misconduct.

      If things aren't working out well with your lab and you invent some of your data, that is academic misconduct too.

  4. Do not use unauthorised aids or assistance in an exam, test, or other form of academic work.

    • Example: 
      Some types of calculators, for example, are not permitted. Nor are PA's, cell phones, or any notes or books.
  5. Know where the boundaries are set in group-work projects. Do not collaborate on the writing of a paper when each member of the group is required to submit her/his own individual paper unless otherwise instructed.

    • Example:
      Normally, unless your group is told to submit a single essay representing everyone's work, you should each write your paper on your own, crediting other members for their ideas. If the instructions are unclear, always check with your instructor to find out what is expected of you.
  6. Do not falsify or alter a record, health slip, or grade, or permit another person to do so.
  7. Avoid even the suspicion of collusion. Do not allow any possibility that someone else could copy your work or assignments or exams. You do not want to be accused of abetting someone else’s academic misconduct.

    • Example:
      Even the person whose work is copied may be considered guilty of academic misconduct if s/he allowed the other person access to personal work.
  8. Do not allow others to diminish the value of your honest efforts and achievements. Report any case of academic misconduct you observe.

    • Example: 
      We are all responsible for maintaining a culture of academic integrity, so if you know that someone is cheating on an exam or essay, you should report this to someone in authority. 
  9. Do not deny others the possibility of using academic materials either by misplacing, defacing, destroying or stealing library materials, altering computer data, or providing other students with false or misleading data.

    • Example: 
      Hiding a library book by placing it with books on another topic or ripping the pages of a journal article out of the journal so that no one else in your class can find it is considered academic misconduct. Similarly, if you change or hide any of the data other students are using for their projects, add something to a chemical used in a lab, or tamper with another student's sculpture, you are guilty of misconduct. 
  10. Avoid impersonation. This means that you should not allow another person to assume your identity to write a test, computer quiz or assignment; nor should you assume the identity of another. Nor should you sign attendance sheets on behalf of another student.

    • Example:  
      If your friend can't attend a class or seminar, it is considered to be academic misconduct if you sign his or her name on the attendance sheet.

Above all, be honest in your dealings with your professors and fellow students.

Continue to the Academic Integrity Quiz